
Mathematics in Life, Society, & the World, 2/e
Harold Parks
Gary Musser
Robert Burton
William Siebler, all of Oregon State University
Published October, 1999 by Prentice Hall Engineering/Science/Mathematics
Copyright 2000, 814 pp.
Cloth
ISBN 0130116904

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Liberal Arts MathematicsMathematics

For undergraduate courses in Liberal Arts Mathematics.
This contemporary approach to liberal arts math is especially
helpful to instructors who want to break away from traditional instruction
and move towards a more “modern” course that stresses rich
ideas and more visualization with less review. This text offers superb
pedagogy, an accessible writing style, and mathematical integrity—and
is studentfriendly. Its unique fourpart organization presents liberal
arts students with sound, relevant mathematics and will leave them
with the (correct) impression that math is useful and affects their
lives in many positive ways.
NEW—The table of contents for the second
edition has been reorganized:
—Part I: The Language of Mathematics, now includes one
comprehensive chapter to review key ideas and set the stage for the
remaining chapters.
—Part II: Mathematics in Life, covers the basic mathematical
topics of statistics, probability, and consumer math that are essential
to being an informed and productive citizen in the 21st century.
—Part III: Mathematics in Society, applies math to broader
topics such as game theory, management mathematics, and voting and
apportionment.
—Part IV: Mathematics and the World, further expands the
discussion to consider critical thinking, elementary number theory,
and various applications of geometry that one encounters in the world.
 This unique fourpart organization provides a structural
framework and context in which to learn new concepts and understand
more concrete applications before moving on to more difficult, abstract
ideas. Ex. ___
NEW—Mathematical Structures and Methods
(Ch. 1)—Lays down foundations upon which successive chapters
build:
—Sections 1.1 (Sets) and 1.8 (Solving Equations) were expanded
and brought forward from Topics.
—Sections 1.6 (The Concept of Functions) and 1.7 (Functions and
their Graphs) are new to this edition.
 Ensures that students have a solid understanding of
the basics before moving on to more difficult concepts.
NEW—The coverage of Probability and Statistics
has been extensively revised and expanded.
—Chapter 2. Descriptive Statistics; teaches students to
organize data graphically and to interpret graphical representations
of data with a keen eye toward misleading pictures.
—Chapter 3. Collecting and Interpreting Data; provides
an expanded background in sampling (new section 3.2) and to the measure
of central tendency (Section 3.3) and variability (Section 3.4).
—Chapter 4. Inferential Statistics; is now covered in a
separate chapter which provides a clearer and better paced overview
of normal distributions and confidence intervals.
—Chapter 5. Probability; the basic ideas of probability
are introduced in this selfcontained chapter. Coverage of systematic
counting has been added in section 5.4.
 The ability to read and interpret statistical information
with intelligence is essential to being an informed consumer in today's
world. These four wellpaced chapters provide clean, thorough coverage
of the key ideas with many realworld applications to support and
ground the concepts.
NEW—Chapter 9, Voting and Apportionment—Now
includes a new Section 9.3, Weighted Voting Systems.
 Introduces students to the method of voting widely
practiced in business by stockholders (and by the Electoral Collage
in the selection of the U.S. Presidents) providing them with a more
complete understanding of systems of election. Ex. ___
Real Application—The authors use real and realseeming
data to motivate the mathematical concepts.
—Each chapter opens and concludes with a reallife example that
demonstrates how the content of the chapter is applied in the world.
Ex. Ch. 4
—Each section is motivated by an introductory Initial Problem
that asks a question of interest that students will learn how to answer.
The problem is solved at the end of the section. Ex. Section 3.2,
section 9.3
 Allows students to relate more easily to the math
concepts and underscores why the mastery of these skills and ideas
is beneficial to functioning effectively in the world. Ex. ___
Rich Variety of Problems—Over 2500 problems
are organized into twotiers. Contains standard, paired exercises
keyed to the section, and extended problems that encourage critical
thinking and greater use of analytical skills.
 Provides plenty of practice for the basic skills and
concepts and helps students develop a framework for problem solving.
The Human Side of Mathematics—Each chapter
begins with historical information on various men and women who contributed
to the development of the mathematics discussed in that chapter. Additional
historical information and “fun facts” are integrated into
the book as marginal “tidbits”.
 Familiarizes students with important historical figures
in the development of mathematics and the applications of that are
part of our daily vocabulary. Ex. Rene Descartes, George Gallup
I. THE LANGUAGE OF MATHEMATICS.
1. Mathematical Structures and Methods.
II. MATHEMATICS IN LIFE
2. Descriptive Statistics.
3. Collecting and Interpreting Data.
4. Inferential Statistics.
5. Probability.
6. Consumer Mathematics.
III. MATHEMATICS IN SOCIETY.
7. Game Theory.
8. Management Mathematics.
9. Voting and Apportionment.
IV. MATHEMATICS IN THE WORLD.
10. Critical Thinking.
11. Elementary Number Theory.
12. Geometry.
13. Growth and Scaling.
Topics.
The Metric System. Perimeter and Area. Surface Area and
Volume.
