Unsaturated Zone Hydrology for Scientists and Engineers, 1/e
James A. Tindall, University of Colorado at Denver
James R. Kunkel, Colorado School of Mines
Published September, 1998 by Prentice Hall Engineering/Science/Mathematics
Copyright 1999, 624 pp.
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Soil Mechanics-Civil & Environmental Engineering
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For upper-level undergraduate and graduate-level courses
in Unsaturated Zone Hydrology for students in the fields of environmental
science, geology, hydrology, engineering, soil science, soil mechanics,
soil physics, and agricultural engineering. This text 1) presents
A-to-Z coverage of unsaturated zone hydrology for those whose academic
backgrounds and prerequisite classes may have not prepared them well
for investigating phenomena in the unsaturated zone, and 2) offers
systematic, integrated coverage of the state of the art for more prepared
students. Multi-disciplinary in approach, it provides both a soil
physics and an engineering approach to unsaturated zone hydrology.
Coverage begins with the basic physical properties and the behavior
of clays, and moves on to contaminant transport and parameters such
as spatial variability, scaling, and fractals in the Earth sciences.
Explores the major processes which occur in the unsaturated
zone and prepares students to design, install, collect and analyze
data under unsaturated zone conditions.
Includes a quick, concise, comprehensive review of the
physical properties of soils and their characteristics especially
useful for those learning the material for the first time or those
needing a refresher.
Offers a concise mathematics review (Appendix 2) for
students who lack math skills.
Details analytical solutions for seven analytical infiltration
Provides a comprehensive description and equations for
performing a detailed water balance used to size and design water-storage
facilities, reclamation zones for waste-storage facilities, and other
- Compares the results of Green-Ampt, Horton, Kostiakov,
Holtan, Philip, Morel-Seytoux and Khanji, and Smith-Parlange models.
Presents five analytical models for both deterministic
and probabilistic solutions to liquid/vapor flow in the unsaturated
- Gives methods of computation for climatological data
adjustments/infilling; runoff calculation; free watersurface
and wet-soil evaporation; snowmelt; evapotranspiration; soil moisture
storage; surface-water storage; and deep percolation.
Describes unsaturated zone remediation techniques.
- Offers unique coverage of the derivation and use of
a three-dimensional analytical solution for flow of NAPLs in the unsaturated
Provides the most concise treatment of the behavior of
claywater systems found in any text.
- Presents eight analytical models to assess unsaturated
zone contaminant levels which are permissible to regulators for protection
of underlying ground water.
Contains a detailed treatment of the potential and thermodynamics
of soil water offering a keen insight on driving forces in
the unsaturated zone.
- Accurately describes the electrochemical properties,
electrokinetic phenomena, DLVO theory, and many other such properties.
Offers a unique discussion on the chemical properties
and mechanisms that influence chemical properties of soil water.
Explains the principles of water flow in soils and
the major equations that describe the flow.
Presents the concepts of saturated flow of water in soil
that are necessary for understanding and working with unsaturated
Describes the necessary parameters that govern unsaturated
flow of water in soils.
Provides in-depth coverage of the processes involved
in the transport of heat, water vapor, and gas in the soil at the
Features a detailed treatise on the phenomena associated
with transport of pollutants including radionuclides
in the unsaturated zone.
Discusses the problems and principles associated with
drainage and the major factors that influence it.
Describes spatial variability of soil physical properties
and the use of fractal mathematics in unsaturated zone research.
Includes a detailed description of the current technology
of site characterization and monitoring devices used in unsaturated
zone research (in Appendix 1) including illustrations, diagrams
of connections, and advantages and disadvantages of each.
Contains over 100 worked-example problems embedded
within the chapters.
Integrates questions within the narrative and
provides detailed answers at the end of each chapter.
Provides a final exam in the Instructor's Solution
- Offers additional chapter-end questions with
answers in the Instructor's Solution Manual.
1. Introduction and Brief History.
2. Physical Properties and Characteristics of Soils.
3. Behavior of ClayWater Systems.
4. Potential and Thermodynamics of Soil Water.
5. Chemical Properties and Principles of Soil Water.
6. Principles of Water Flow in Soil.
7. Saturated Water Flow in Soil.
8. Unsaturated Water Flow in Soil.
9. Transport of Heat and Gas in Soil and at the Surface.
10. Contaminant Transport.
11. Effects of Infiltration and Drainage on Soil-Water Redistribution.
12. Field Water in Soils.
13. Applied Soil Physics: Modeling Water, Solute, and Vapor Movement.
14. Drainage in Soil Water and Groundwater.
15. Soil Remediation Techniques.
16. Spatial Variability, Scaling, and Fractals.
Appendix 1. Site Characterization and Monitoring Devices.
Appendix 2. Mathematics Review.
Appendix 3. Tables.