[Book Cover]

Unsaturated Zone Hydrology for Scientists and Engineers, 1/e

James A. Tindall, University of Colorado at Denver
James R. Kunkel, Colorado School of Mines

Published September, 1998 by Prentice Hall Engineering/Science/Mathematics

Copyright 1999, 624 pp.
Cloth
ISBN 0-13-660713-6


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Summary

For upper-level undergraduate and graduate-level courses in Unsaturated Zone Hydrology for students in the fields of environmental science, geology, hydrology, engineering, soil science, soil mechanics, soil physics, and agricultural engineering. This text 1) presents A-to-Z coverage of unsaturated zone hydrology for those whose academic backgrounds and prerequisite classes may have not prepared them well for investigating phenomena in the unsaturated zone, and 2) offers systematic, integrated coverage of the state of the art for more prepared students. Multi-disciplinary in approach, it provides both a soil physics and an engineering approach to unsaturated zone hydrology. Coverage begins with the basic physical properties and the behavior of clays, and moves on to contaminant transport and parameters such as spatial variability, scaling, and fractals in the Earth sciences.

Features


Explores the major processes which occur in the unsaturated zone and prepares students to design, install, collect and analyze data under unsaturated zone conditions.
Includes a quick, concise, comprehensive review of the physical properties of soils and their characteristics — especially useful for those learning the material for the first time or those needing a refresher.
Offers a concise mathematics review (Appendix 2) for students who lack math skills.
Details analytical solutions for seven analytical infiltration models.

  • Compares the results of Green-Ampt, Horton, Kostiakov, Holtan, Philip, Morel-Seytoux and Khanji, and Smith-Parlange models.
Provides a comprehensive description and equations for performing a detailed water balance used to size and design water-storage facilities, reclamation zones for waste-storage facilities, and other water-management facilities.
  • Gives methods of computation for climatological data adjustments/infilling; runoff calculation; free water–surface and wet-soil evaporation; snowmelt; evapotranspiration; soil moisture storage; surface-water storage; and deep percolation.
Presents five analytical models for both deterministic and probabilistic solutions to liquid/vapor flow in the unsaturated zone.
  • Offers unique coverage of the derivation and use of a three-dimensional analytical solution for flow of NAPLs in the unsaturated zone.
Describes unsaturated zone remediation techniques.
  • Presents eight analytical models to assess unsaturated zone contaminant levels which are permissible to regulators for protection of underlying ground water.
Provides the most concise treatment of the behavior of clay–water systems found in any text.
  • Accurately describes the electrochemical properties, electrokinetic phenomena, DLVO theory, and many other such properties.
Contains a detailed treatment of the potential and thermodynamics of soil water — offering a keen insight on driving forces in the unsaturated zone.
Offers a unique discussion on the chemical properties and mechanisms that influence chemical properties of soil water.
Explains the principles of water flow in soils and the major equations that describe the flow.
Presents the concepts of saturated flow of water in soil that are necessary for understanding and working with unsaturated flow problems.
Describes the necessary parameters that govern unsaturated flow of water in soils.
Provides in-depth coverage of the processes involved in the transport of heat, water vapor, and gas in the soil at the surface.
Features a detailed treatise on the phenomena associated with transport of pollutants — including radionuclides — in the unsaturated zone.
Discusses the problems and principles associated with drainage and the major factors that influence it.
Describes spatial variability of soil physical properties and the use of fractal mathematics in unsaturated zone research.
Includes a detailed description of the current technology of site characterization and monitoring devices used in unsaturated zone research (in Appendix 1) — including illustrations, diagrams of connections, and advantages and disadvantages of each.
Contains over 100 worked-example problems embedded within the chapters.
Integrates questions within the narrative and provides detailed answers at the end of each chapter.
  • Offers additional chapter-end questions — with answers in the Instructor's Solution Manual.
Provides a final exam in the Instructor's Solution Manual).


Table of Contents
    1. Introduction and Brief History.
    2. Physical Properties and Characteristics of Soils.
    3. Behavior of Clay–Water Systems.
    4. Potential and Thermodynamics of Soil Water.
    5. Chemical Properties and Principles of Soil Water.
    6. Principles of Water Flow in Soil.
    7. Saturated Water Flow in Soil.
    8. Unsaturated Water Flow in Soil.
    9. Transport of Heat and Gas in Soil and at the Surface.
    10. Contaminant Transport.
    11. Effects of Infiltration and Drainage on Soil-Water Redistribution.
    12. Field Water in Soils.
    13. Applied Soil Physics: Modeling Water, Solute, and Vapor Movement.
    14. Drainage in Soil Water and Groundwater.
    15. Soil Remediation Techniques.
    16. Spatial Variability, Scaling, and Fractals.
    Appendix 1. Site Characterization and Monitoring Devices.
    Appendix 2. Mathematics Review.
    Appendix 3. Tables.
    References.
    Index.


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