Glossary
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


administrative law
regulates many daily business activities, and violations of such regulations generally result in warnings or fines, depending upon their adjudged severity.

age of reason
See Enlightenment.

aggravated assault (UCR)
the unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. See also simple assault.

alloplastic adaptation
that form of adjustment which results from changes in the environment surrounding an individual.

anomie
a social condition in which norms are uncertain or lacking.

antisocial
or Asocial personality, refers to individuals who are basically unsocialized and whose behavior pattern brings them repeatedly into conflict with society.

applied research
scientific inquiry that is designed and carried out with practical application in mind.

arson
any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, and so on.

asocial personality
See Antisocial personality.

assault
See aggravated assault or simple assault.

asset forfeiture
the authorized seizure of money, negotiable instruments, securities, or other things of value. In federal anti-drug laws: the authorization of judicial representatives to seize all moneys, negotiable instruments, securities, or other things of value furnished or intended to be furnished by any person in exchange for a controlled substance, and all proceeds traceable to such an exchange.

atavism
a concept used by Cesare Lombroso to suggest that criminals are physiological throwbacks to earlier stages of human evolution. The term "atavism" is derived from the Latin term atavus, which means "ancestor."

audit trail
a sequential record of computer system activities that enables auditors to reconstruct, review, and examine the sequence of states and activities surrounding each event in one or more related transactions from inception to output of final results back to inception.

autoplastic adaptation
that form of adjustment which results from changes within an individual.


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