Corporate Finance Live

The Time Value of Money


A dollar on hand today is worth more than a dollar to be received in the future because the dollar on hand today can be invested to earn interest to yield more than a dollar in the future. The Time Value of Money mathematics quantify the value of a dollar through time. This, of course, depends upon the rate of return or interest rate which can be earned on the investment.

The Time Value of Money has applications in many areas of Corporate Finance including Capital Budgeting, Bond Valuation, and Stock Valuation. For example, a bond typically pays interest periodically until maturity at which time the face value of the bond is also repaid. The value of the bond today, thus, depends upon what these future cash flows are worth in today's dollars.

The Time Value of Money concepts will be grouped into two areas: Future Value and Present Value. Future Value describes the process of finding what an investment today will grow to in the future. Present Value describes the process of determining what a cash flow to be received in the future is worth in today's dollars.

Concepts

Tools and Problems

 

© 2001 by Prentice-Hall, Inc.