Chapter Five

Affinity clustering The process of arranging planning matrix information so that clusters of information with some predetermined level or type of affinity are placed next to each other on a matrix report.
Bottom-up planning A generic information systems planning methodology that identifies and defines IS development projects based upon solving operational business problems or taking advantage of some business opportunities. See also Top-down planning, Corporate strategic planning.
Competitive strategy The method by which an organization attempts to achieve its mission and objectives.
Corporate strategic planning An ongoing process that defines the mission, objectives, and strategies of an organization.
Cross referencing A feature performed by a data dictionary that enables one description of a data item to be stored and accessed by all individuals so that a single definition for a data item is established and used.
Incremental commitment A strategy in systems analysis and design in which the project is reviewed after each phase and continuation of the project is rejustified in each of these reviews.
Information systems planning (ISP) An orderly means of assessing the information needs of an organization and defining the systems, databases, and technologies that will best satisfy those needs. See also Corporate strategic planning, Top-down planning.
Mission statement A statement that makes it clear what business a company is in.
Objective statements A series of statements that express an organizationās qualitative and quantitative goals for reaching a desired future position.
Top-down planning A generic information systems planning methodology that attempts to gain a broad understanding of the information system needs of the entire organization. See also Bottom-up planning.
Value chain analysis The process of analyzing an organizationās activities to determine where value is added to products and/or services and the cost are incurred for doing so; usually also includes a comparison with the activities, added value, and costs of other organizations for the purpose of making improvements in the organizationās operations and performance.

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