The linear regression option finds the equation of a linear equation of
the form y = ax + b or y = a + bx that best fits a set of data. First,
the data . Press
to select CALC. Press
This yields an equation of the form y = ax + b.
The linear regression option can also be obtained by pressing .
This yields an equation of the form y = a + bx.
The resulting equations are equivalent, y = 0.24x + 1.14 and y = 1.14
+ 0.24x. The TI-82 calculates the correlation coefficient, r. In this case,
r is about 0.91. The value of r lies between -1 and 1, inclusive. It is
a measure of how well the regression equation fits the data. A value of
-1 or 1 indicates a perfect fit.
The TI-82 stores the regression equation. The equation can be graphed
and is transfered to
without typing the equation as follows. Press
to select EQ.
to view the regression equation and press .
The equation is now entered in .
The data points can also be viewed. Access STAT PLOTS by pressing
to turn the plots on. Press .
Note: The resulting linear equation is an exact fit if two nonvertical data
points are entered.
The TI-82 calculates the correlation coefficient r.