Macionis SOCIOLOGY, Ninth Edition
The final manuscript of this book was just about complete when
the tragic events of September 11, 2001 took place. Rarely does
the news of one day so change everyones lives. There is
little doubt that terrorism will leave its mark on life in the
United States and elsewhere for years to come as our concern for
security prompts us to reexamine so many dimensions of our everyday
More generally, these events force us to confront the question
of what kind of world we live in and what kind of world we want
for ourselves and for our children. It is here that readers of
this book will discover the importance the discipline of sociology.
The daily e-mail I receive from students in the United States
and around the world stands as testimony to the power of sociology
to help people understand their world and, often, to transform
people. Indeed, the material in this text was recently used in
a presentation to the U.S. Supreme Court (Falvo v. Owasso Ind.
School District, 2001). All instructors know well the deep satisfaction
that comes from making a difference in the lives of our students.
There is no greater reward for our work, and, in my case, no better
reason for striving for ever-better revisions of Sociology,
which, along with the briefer Society: The Basics, stand
out as the disciplines most popular texts.
I hope you will find Sociology to be authoritative, comprehensive,
stimulating, and--as so many students testify--plain fun to read.
In addition to the book, every new copy of Sociology, Ninth
Edition comes with a second learning tool, a CD-ROM that provides
a number of short video selections that illustrate major concepts,
ideas, and theories. Included on the CD is a series of authors
tip videos--one for each chapter--that focuses the student
on a key chapter theme. Finally, the third part of the learning
package that comes free with each new book is access to a full-featured
Web site http://www.prenhall.com/macionis.
From the main page, simply click on the cover of the text and
select a chapter to find chapter summaries, learning objectives,
suggested essay questions and paper topics, as well as multiple-choice
and true-false questions prepared by the author of the text.
When students complete these tests, the server will immediately
grade them and point out exactly where they need more study. Also
at this web site, faculty will find a full complement of teaching
resources as well, including Power Point slides for download,
and the Prentice Hall syllabus manager system that allows posting
a course syllabus to the Internet without having to learn hypertext
markup language (HTML).
Textbook, CD-ROM, and Web site: A three-part, multimedia package
that is the foundation for sound learning in this new Information
Age. We invite you to examine all three!
ORGANIZATION OF THIS TEXT
Part I of the textbook and the CD introduce the foundations
of sociology. Underlying the discipline is the sociological
perspective--the focus of Chapter 1, which explains how this
invigorating point of view brings the world to life in a new and
instructive way. Chapter 2 spotlights sociological investigation,
or the doing of sociology. This chapter explains the
scientific, interpretive, and critical orientations of the discipline,
and illustrates major research strategies with actual, well-known
Part II surveys the foundations of social life. Chapter
3 focuses on the central concept of culture, emphasizing
the cultural diversity that makes up our society and our world.
The focus of Chapter 4 is the concept of society, presenting
four time-honored models for understanding the structure and dynamics
of social organization. This unique chapter provides introductory
students with the background to understand the ideas of important
thinkers--including Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim,
as well as Gerhard Lenski--that appear in subsequent chapters.
Chapter 5 turns to socialization, exploring how we gain
our humanity as we learn to participate in society. Chapter 6
provides a micro-level look at the patterns of social interaction
that make up our everyday lives. Chapter 7 offers full-chapter
coverage of groups and organizations, explaining the importance
of group life and investigating how and why large organizations
have come to dominate our way of life. Chapter 8 explains how
the operation of society generates both deviance and conformity,
and also surveys the operation of the criminal justice system.
Chapter 9 explains the social foundations of human sexuality.
This chapter surveys sexual patterns in the United States and
also explores variations in sexual practices through history and
around the world today.
Part III offers unparalleled discussion of social inequality,
beginning with three chapters on social stratification.
Chapter 10 introduces major concepts and presents theoretical
explanations of social inequality. This chapter richly illustrates
historical changes in stratification, and how patterns of inequality
vary in todays world. Chapter 11 surveys social inequality
in the United States, confronting common perceptions of inequality
and assessing how well they square with research findings. Chapter
12 extends the analysis with a look at global stratification,
revealing the disparities in wealth and power that separate rich
and poor nations. Both Chapters 11 and 12 pay special attention
to how global developments affect stratification in the United
States, just as they explore our societys role in global
inequality. Chapter 13, gender stratification, explains
how gender is a central element in social stratification in the
United States as it is worldwide. Race and ethnicity, additional
important dimensions of social inequality that often intersect
differences based on class and gender, are detailed in Chapter
14. Aging and the elderly, a topic of increasing concern
to graying societies such as our own, is addressed
in Chapter 15.
Part IV includes a full chapter on each social institution.
Leading off is Chapter 16, the economy and work, because
most sociologists recognize the economy as having the greatest
impact on all other institutions. This chapter traces the rise
and fall of industrial production in the United States, the emergence
of a global economy, and explains what such transformations mean
for the U.S. labor force. Chapter 17, politics and government,
analyzes the distribution of power in U.S. society, as well as
surveying political systems around the world. In addition, this
chapter includes discussion of the U.S. military, the threat of
war, and an expanded discussion of terrorism as a new form of
war in the twenty-first century. Chapter 18, family, explains
the central importance of families to social organization, and
underscores the diversity of family life both here and in other
societies. Chapter 19, religion, addresses the timeless
human search for ultimate purpose and meaning, introduces major
world religions, and explains how religious beliefs are linked
to other dimensions of social life. Chapter 20, education,
analyzes the expansion of schooling in industrial and postindustrial
societies. Here again, schooling in the United States comes to
life through contrasts with educational patterns in other countries.
Chapter 21, health and medicine, reveals health to be a
social issue just as much as it is a matter of biological processes.
This chapter traces the historical emergence of scientific medicine,
analyzes current medical issues and alternative approaches, and
compares U.S. patterns to those found in other countries.
Part V examines important dimensions of global social
change. Chapter 22 highlights the powerful impact of population
growth and urbanization in the United States and throughout
the world with special attention to the natural environment.
Chapter 23 explores forms of collective behavior and explains
how people seek or resist social change by joining social movements.
Chapter 24 concludes the text with an overview of social change
that contrasts traditional, modern, and postmodern societies.
This chapter rounds out the text explaining how and why world
societies change, and critically analyzing the benefits and liabilities
of traditional, modern, and postmodern ways of life.
CONTINUITY: ESTABLISHED FEATURES OF SOCIOLOGY
Everyone knows that introductory sociology texts have some things
in common; but differences run deep. The extraordinary success
of Sociology and Society: The Basics, which are
far and away the most widely adopted texts by sociologists across
North America, results from a combination of the following distinctive
The best writing style. Most important, this text offers
a writing style widely praised by students and faculty alike as
elegant and inviting. Sociology is an enjoyable text that
encourages students to read--even beyond their assignments. No
one says it better than the students themselves, whose recent
e-mail includes testimonials such as these:
Thanks for writing such a brilliant book. It has sparked
my sociological imagination. This was the first textbook that
I have ever read completely and enjoyed. From the moment that
I picked the book up I started reading nonstop.
I have read four chapters ahead; its like a good
novel I cant put down! I just wanted to say thank you.
Your book is extremely well written and very interesting. I
find myself reading it for pleasure, something I have never done
with college texts. It is going to be the only collegiate textbook
that I ever keep simply to read on my own. I am also thinking
of picking up sociology as my minor due to the fact that I have
enjoyed the class as well as the text so much. Your writing has
my highest praise and utmost appreciation.
I am taking a Sociology 101 class using Sociology, a book
that I have told my professor is the best textbook that I have
ever seen, bar none. Ive told her as well that I will be
more than happy to take more sociology classes as long as there
is a Macionis text to go with them.
I am fascinated by the contents of this textbook. In contrast
to texts in my other classes, I actually enjoy readings Sociology.
Thank you for such a thought-provoking, well-written textbook.
A global perspective. Sociology has taken a leading
role in expanding the horizons of our discipline beyond the United
States. Sociology was the first text to mainstream global
content, introduce global maps, and offer coverage of global topics
like stratification and the environment. No wonder this text has
been adapted and translated in many languages for use all over
the world. Each chapter explores global social diversity as well
as explaining why social trends in the United States--from musical
tastes, to pace of airport security, to the growing disparity
of income--are influenced by what happens elsewhere.
A focus on national diversity. Sociology invites
students from all social backgrounds to discover a fresh and exciting
way to see the world and to understand themselves. Readers will
find in this text the diversity of U.S. society--people of African,
Asian, Middle Eastern, European, and Latino ancestry, as well
as women and men of various class positions, in all parts of the
country, and at all points in the life course. An independent
survey of all introductory books gave this text top marks for
mainstreaming race and ethnicity (Stone, 1996).
Emphasis on critical thinking. Critical-thinking skills
include the ability to challenge common assumptions by formulating
questions, identify and weigh appropriate evidence, and reach
reasoned conclusions. This text not only teaches but encourages
students to discover on their own.
The broadest coverage so instructors can choose. No other
text matches Sociologys twenty-four chapter coverage
of the field. We offer such breadth--at no greater cost--knowing
that few instructors will assign every chapter, but with the goal
of supporting instructors as they choose exactly what they wish
Engaging and instructive chapter openings. One of the
most popular features of Sociology is the engaging vignettes
that begin each chapter. These openings--for instance, using the
tragic sinking of the Titanic to illustrate the life and
death consequences of social inequality, telling the story of
Linda Brown to explore racial inequality in the United States,
or Utahs recent prosecution of Tom Green for polygamy to
describe our ideas about the family--spark the interest of readers
as they introduce important themes. This revision retains eleven
of the best chapter-opening vignettes found in earlier editions
and offers thirteen new ones as well.
Inclusive focus on women and men. Beyond devoting two
full chapters to the important concepts of sex and gender, Sociology
mainstreams gender into every chapter, showing how the
topic at hand affects women and men differently, and explaining
how gender operates as a basic dimension of social organization.
Theoretically clear and balanced. Sociology, Ninth
Edition, makes theory easy. Chapter 1 introduces the disciplines
major theoretical approaches, which are used in all the chapters
that follow. The text highlights not only the social-conflict,
structural-functional, and symbolic-interaction paradigms, but
incorporates feminist theory, social-exchange analysis, ethnomethodology,
cultural ecology, and sociobiology.
Chapter 4--unique to this text--provides students with an easy-to-understand
introduction to important social theorists before they
encounter their work in later chapters. The ideas of Max Weber,
Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, as well as Gerhard Lenskis historical
overview of human societies, appear in distinct sections that
instructors may assign together or refer to separately at different
points in a course.
Recent research and the latest data. Sociology,
Ninth Edition, blends classic sociological statements with
the latest research, as reported in the leading publications in
the field. Some 250 new studies inform this revision, and about
half of the 1500 pieces of research cited throughout the book
were published since 1995. From chapter to chapter, the texts
statistical data are the most recent available and include the
results of Census 2000.
Learning aids. This text has many features to help students
learn. In each chapter, key concepts are identified by
boldfaced type, and following each appears a precise, italicized
definition. A listing of key concepts with their definitions
appears at the end of each chapter, and a complete Glossary
is found at the end of the book. Each chapter also contains a
numbered Summary and four Critical-Thinking Questions
that help students review material and assess their understanding.
Following these are a number of Applications and Exercises,
which provides students with activities to do on or near the campus.
Each chapter also includes an annotated listing of worthwhile
Sites to See on the Internet.
Outstanding images: photography and fine art. This book
offers the finest and most extensive program of photography and
artwork available in any sociology textbook. The ninth edition
of Sociology displays about 100 examples of fine art as
well more than 250 color photographs--more than in any other text.
Each of these images is carefully selected by the author and appears
with an insightful caption. Moreover, both photographs and artwork
present people of various social backgrounds and historical periods.
For example, alongside art by well-known Europeans such as Vincent
Van Gogh and U.S. artists including George Tooker, this edition
has paintings by celebrated African American artists Jacob Lawrence
and Henry Ossawa Tanner, outstanding Latino artists Frank Romero
and Diego Rivera, and the engaging Australian painter and feminist
Thought-provoking theme boxes. Although boxed material
is common to introductory texts, Sociology, Ninth Edition
provides a wealth of uncommonly good boxes. Each chapter typically
contains four boxes, which fall into five types that amplify central
themes of the text. Global Sociology boxes provoke readers
to think about their own way of life by examining the fascinating
social diversity that characterizes our world. Diversity: Race,
Class, and Gender boxes focus on multicultural issues and
amplify the voices of women and people of color. Applying Sociology
boxes show the value of the sociological perspective to understanding
the world around us. Critical Thinking boxes teach students
to ask sociological questions about their surroundings, and help
them evaluate important, controversial issues. Each Critical-Thinking
box is followed by three What do you think? questions.
Controversy & Debate boxes conclude each chapter by
presenting several points of view on an issue of contemporary
importance. Three Continue the debate questions, which
follow each box, are sure to stimulate spirited class discussion.
Sociology, Ninth Edition, contains ninety-three boxes
in all (typically, four per chapter). Fourteen are new to this
edition and many more are revised and updated. A complete listing
of this texts boxes appears after the table of contents.
An unparalleled program of sixty-seven global and national
maps. This is the text that pioneered the use of global and
national maps. Windows on the World Global Maps--thirty-two in
all and including eleven new ones--are truly sociological maps
offering a comparative look at the number of children typically
born to women, income disparity, favored languages and religions,
the extent of prostitution, permitted marriage forms, the practice
of female genital mutilation, the degree of political freedom,
the incidence of HIV infection, and a host of other issues. The
Global Maps use the non-Eurocentric projection devised by cartographer
Arno Peters that accurately portrays the relative size of all
the continents. A complete listing of the Windows on the World
Global Maps follows the table of contents.
Seeing Ourselves National Maps--thirty-five in all with four
new and many updated for this edition--help to illuminate the
social diversity of the United States. Most of these maps offer
a close-up look at all 3,014 U.S. counties, highlighting suicide
rates, median household income, labor force participation, college
attendance, divorce rates, most widespread religious affiliation,
availability of doctors, air quality, and, as measures of popular
culture, where people play golf or where households prefer wine
or drink beer. Each National Map includes an explanatory caption
that poses several questions to stimulate students thinking
about social forces. A complete listing of the Seeing Ourselves
National Maps follows the table of contents.
INNOVATION: CHANGES IN THE NINTH EDITION
Each new edition of Sociology has broken new ground, one
reason that the popularity of this text and its brief version
keeps rising. A revision raises high expectations, but, after
several years of planning and hard work, we are pleased to offer
what we believe is the best revision yet. Here is a brief overview
of the innovations that define Sociology, Ninth Edition.
Keeping up with the field. As surprising as it may seem,
some textbooks do not reflect new work in the field, making few
references to sociologys journals and taking little notice
of new books. In preparing this revision, I have reviewed new
publications--including American Journal of Sociology, American
Sociological Review, Rural Sociology, Social Forces, Sociological
Focus, Sociological Forum, Society, The Public Interest, Social
Problems, Population Bulletin, Teaching Sociology, Contemporary
Sociology, and Social Science Quarterly--as well as
popular press publications that keep us abreast of current trends
Improved high-tech! For this edition, the CD-ROM is a
video library, presenting short clips that illustrate important
concepts and ideas. This video material, drawn from the video
library of ABC News, takes learning to a whole new level.
Students buying new copies of Sociology, Ninth Edition,
are given a passcode to obtain free access to an updated Web site:<http://www.prenhall.com/macionis>
Begin by clicking on the cover of this book and follow the easy-to-use
menus. At the site, students will find a full range of study materials
including computer graded practice tests. Faculty will find a
resource bank including Power Point slides for download and software
that will allow you to put a course syllabus on the Internet without
having to know anything about HTML. in addition, all users of
this book are invited to make use of videos, biographies, and
dozens of links found at the authors personal Web site:
<http://www.TheSociologyPage.com> or <http://www.macionis.com>.
Linking technology to the text. At four or five points
in each chapter, the text directs students to visit carefully
selected Web sites. These sites provides biographical material
about sociologists, useful data, or information about an organization
that deals with the topic at hand.
More coverage of rural issues. Although most of the population
of the United States lives in urban places, most of our countrys
counties are rural. Therefore, this revision pays special attention
not only to urban social patterns but also to rural issues. Example
of this rural focus include a comparative analysis of rural
and urban poverty and homelessness in Chapter 11, discussion of
women in coal mining in Chapter 13; a discussion of the aging
of U.S. farmers in Chapter 15; a new diversity box in chapter
17 on the rural-urban divide in U.S. politics, and a discussion
of the rural rebound in Chapter 22, as well as more
photographs and artwork that reflects rural life. In addition,
we have recently added Rural Sociology to the list of journals
that provide new research reported in this text.
New maps! The only way to improve on our colorful maps
is be sure they are as up to date as possible. This edition features
sixty-eight global and national maps, fifteen of them new to this
New chapter-opening vignettes. This revision keeps the
best of the popular chapter-opening vignettes and adds thirteen
new ones; overall, more than half of the openings are new to this
Many new boxes. A total of ninety-three boxes supports
five themes of the text: Global Sociology, Diversity: Race, Class,
and Gender, Critical Thinking, Applying Sociology and, focusing
on social policy, Controversy & Debate. Many boxes are revised
and updated; fourteen boxes are new to this edition.
The latest statistical data. Instructors count on this
text for including the very latest statistical data. The ninth
edition comes through again, making use of data from the Internet
as well as conventional bound publications of various government
agencies and private organizations. The author and Carol A. Singer,
a professional government documents librarian at Bowling Green
State University (Ohio), have worked together to ensure that the
newest statistics are used throughout the text--in many cases
for 1999, and even for 2000 and 2001. These data include reported
results of Census 2000. In addition, readers will find 250 new
research citations as well as many familiar current events that
raise the interest of students.
New topics. The ninth edition of Sociology is thoroughly
updated with new and expanded discussions in every chapter. Here
is a listing, by chapter, of just some of the new material:
Chapter 1 The Sociological Perspective:
A new chapter opening explores how and why U.S. children are deeply
involved in sports; in addition, a new Global Map highlights the
number of children born to women around the world.
Chapter 2 Sociological Investigation:
New material includes new end-of-chapter learning ideas and several
new Web sites are noted throughout the chapter.
Chapter 3 Culture: A new chapter opening
describes the visit of members of the Andean Qero society
to New York City; fins an update on culture of victimization
thesis, a new journal entry on visiting Disney World, new links
to authors videos on travel and cultural relativism, and
a new Global Sociology box comparing the dominant cultures of
the United States and Canada.
Chapter 4 Society: There is an update
on classic theorists view of the Information Revolution
as well as links to on-line biographies of sociologys founders.
Chapter 5 Socialization: Find an update
on how the violent content in television programming and video
games affects young children; a web link provides a complete chapter
on the sociology of the mass media; a new Diversity box examines
how race and ethnicity affect the personal development of high-school
Chapter 6 Social Interaction in Everyday Life:
A new National map shows where people are and are not likely to
be avid golfers; find updates on reality construction and the
sociology of humor (including a few new jokes).
Chapter 7 Groups and Organizations: A new global
snapshot highlights arts-related organizations in selected countries;
there is an update on McDonaldization, as well as new data on
the share of incumbents who held their congressional seats in
the 2000 elections, discussion of using social networks to find
jobs among by gender, race, and ethnicity, an update on gender
and management positions in the United States, and new material
on the controversy surrounding computers, large organizations,
and personal privacy.
Chapter 8 Deviance: A new national map shows the
risk of violent crime for all U.S. counties; three are updates
on U.S. crime rates, and a fresh look at the rising debate over
Chapter 9 Sexuality: A new chapter opening illustrates
the problems of acceptance faced by transgender individuals; there
are updates on U.S. attitudes about sexual practices, and a new
Global Map shows the use of contraception around the world.
Chapter 10 Social Stratification: Find an update
on the unequal distribution of wealth in the United States; a
new figure shows that income inequality is greater in the United
States than in high-income European nations.
Chapter 11 Social Class in the United States: A
new opening looks at a case of high-flying executive pay; a new
National Map shows average income for all counties across the
United States; weve added a new discussion of rural homelessness
and updated statistics on income, wealth, and poverty.
Chapter 12 Global Stratification: A new chapter
opening on natural disasters that are all-too-common in low-income
nations; find new data showing which countries now fall into high-,
middle-, and low-income categories as well as a new figure shows
the worlds increasing income inequality.
Chapter 13 Gender Stratification: The
chapter includes two new Global Maps showing womens power
and the practice of female genital mutilation in global perspective;
there are updates on the share of women in various jobs categories,
including new data on the number of women in top corporate positions;
new statistics show the latest gaps in earnings between women
and men or various racial and ethnic categories; new Web links
take readers to recent government reports concerning gender.
Chapter 14 Race and Ethnicity: A new journal entry
points out racial and ethnic stratification in everyday life;
find Census 2000 data for various racial and ethnic categories
as well as updates on income and other measures of social standing
by race and ethnicity; there is more on the social construction
of ethnicity as well as race, and the intersection of these variables
with class and gender.
Chapter 15 Aging and the Elderly: A
new chapter opening looks at the role of middle-aged people caring
for aging parents; new data show the advancing average age of
U.S. farmers; updates on income data for all categories of elderly
people in the United States; a number of new Web sites provide
access to recent data and analysis on aging.
Chapter 16 The Economy and Work: A
new chapter opener illustrates the power of technology to change
the character of work; a new Global Map shows the share of the
labor force in service sector jobs for world nations; the chapter
offers new data (which may surprise you) on the share of the labor
force around the world involved in each of the three economic
sectors; new data on the U.S. labor force highlight the increasing
share of minorities.
Chapter 17 Politics and Government:
Updates on the 2000 elections, including a new National Map showing
the county-by-county results of the presidential race; a new Diversity
box explains the rural-urban divide in U.S. politics; there is
extensive coverage of terrorism and the events of September 11th,
including an analysis of terrorism as a new form of asymmetrical
Chapter 18 Family: A new opening profiles
the plural marriage of Tom Green and his conviction
for bigamy; updates provided on all family trends, including singlehood,
divorce, single parenting, and cohabitation; family data from
Chapter 19 Religion: Did you know the
number of Muslims in the United States exceeds the number of Episcopalians,
Presbyterians, or Jews? Find the most recent data--as well as
an update on the ordination of women; there is also a new section
on the search for spirituality in postdenominational U.S. society.
Chapter 20 Education: A new chapter
opening highlights the far better performance on proficiency tests
by children living in high-income communities compared to those
from low-income areas; find updates on all the educational statistics
as well as a new discussion of the U.S. teacher shortage.
Chapter 21 Health and Medicine: This
chapter offers an update on the share of minority physicians in
the United States as well as a new statistical profile of the
health of the U.S. population; there is expanded discussion of
medical care policy in Canada.
Chapter 22 Population, Urbanization, and the Environment:
Find a new chapter opening as well as a new section describing
the rural rebound trend; a new Diversity box uses
Census 2000 to highlight the minority majority in half the nations
largest one hundred cities; there are updates on all U.S. demographic
data, and more on critical demography.
Chapter 23 Collective Behavior and Social Movements:
A new chapter opening describes the massive demonstration at the
Seattle meeting of the World Trade Organization in 1999; there
is also a new discussion of moral panics, including the widespread
fear in the wake of the events of September 11th.
Chapter 24 Social Change: Traditional, Modern, and Postmodern
Societies: A new chapter opening highlights the
lives of people living in the same New York apartment a century
apart; a new table provides a snapshot of change in the United
States across the twentieth century; a new journal entry describes
the appearance of mass society and a updated figure shows support
for science for selected nations around the world.
A WORD ABOUT LANGUAGE
This texts commitment to representing the social diversity
of the United States and the world carries with it the responsibility
to use language thoughtfully. In most cases, we prefer the terms
African American and person of color to the word
black. We use the terms Hispanic and Latino
to refer to people of Spanish descent. Most tables and figures
refer to Hispanics because this is the term the Census
Bureau uses when collecting statistical data about our population.
Students should realize, however, that many individuals do not
describe themselves using these terms. Although the term Hispanic
is commonly used in the eastern part of the United States, and
Latino and the feminine form Latina are
widely heard in the West, across the United States people of Spanish
descent identify with a particular ancestral nation, whether it
be Argentina, Mexico, some other Latin American country, or Spain
or Portugal in Europe.
The same holds for Asian Americans. Although this term is a useful
shorthand in sociological analysis, most people of Asian descent
think of themselves in terms of a specific country of origin (say,
Japan, the Philippines, Taiwan, or Vietnam).
In this text, the term Native American refers to
all the inhabitants of the Americas (including the Hawaiian Islands)
whose ancestors lived here prior to the arrival of Europeans.
Here again, however, most people in this broad category identify
with their historical society (for example, Cherokee, Hopi, or
Zuni). The term American Indian designates only those
Native Americans who live in the continental United States, not
including Native peoples living in Alaska or Hawaii.
Learning to think globally also leads us to use language carefully.
This text avoids the word American--which literally
designates two continents--to refer to just the United States.
For example, referring to this country, the term U.S. economy
is more correct than the American economy. This convention
may seem a small point, but it implies the significant recognition
that we in this country represent only one society (albeit a very
important one) in the Americas.
Sociology, Ninth Edition, is the heart of a multimedia
learning package that includes a wide range of proven instructional
aids. As the author of the text, I maintain a keen interest in
all the supplements to ensure their quality and integration with
the text. The supplements for this revision have been thoroughly
updated, improved, and expanded.
FOR THE INSTRUCTOR
The Annotated Instructor's Edition. The AIE is a complete
text annotated by the author on every page in a special edition
for instructors. Annotations--which have been revised for this
edition--have won praise from instructors for enriching class
presentations. Margin notes include notable quotations, summaries
of research findings, statistics from the United States or other
nations, data highlighting social diversity in the United States,
and high-quality survey data from the National Opinion Research
Centers (NORC) General Social Survey and World
Values Survey data from the Inter-university Consortium for
Political and Social Research (ICPSR).
Data File. This is the instructors manual that is
of interest even to those who have never used one before. The
Data File provides far more than detailed chapter outlines
and discussion questions; it contains statistical profiles of
the United States and other nations, summaries of important developments
and significant research, and supplemental lecture material for
every chapter of the text. The Data File is available on
paper and electronically in Windows format.
Test Item File. A revised Test Item File is available
in both printed and electronic forms. The file contains 2400 items--100
per chapter--in multiple-choice, true/false, and essay formats.
Questions are identified as simple recall or more
complex inferential issues; the answers to all questions
are page-referenced to the text. Prentice Hall Custom Test
is a test generator designed to create personalized exams. It
is available in DOS, Windows, and Macintosh formats. Prentice
Hall also provides a test preparation service to users of this
text that is as easy as a call to our toll-free 800 number. Please
contact your local Prentice Hall representative for this number.
Core Test Item File, Second Edition. The general test
item file consists of more than 350 test questions appropriate
for introductory sociology courses. All of the questions have
been class tested, and an item analysis is available for every
Film/Video Guide: Prentice Hall Introductory Sociology, Sixth
Edition. This helpful guide is keyed to the chapters of this
text and describes more than 300 films and videos appropriate
for classroom viewing. It also provides summaries, discussion
questions, and rental sources for each film and video.
ABCNEWS ABC News/Prentice Hall Video Library for Sociology.
Power Point Transparencies
instructors guide to...
Seeing Ourselves: Classic, Contemporary, and
Cross-Cultural Readings in Sociology. Create an even more
powerful learning package by combining this text with the fifth
edition of the best-selling anthology, Seeing Ourselves,
edited by John J. Macionis and Nijole V. Benokraitis (University
of Baltimore). Instructors favor this readers unique format:
Clusters of readings--classic works, well-rounded contemporary
research, and cross-cultural comparisons--that correspond to each
of the chapters in Sociology, Eighth Edition.
FOR THE STUDENT
Critical Thinking Audiocassette Tape. In keeping with
the texts critical-thinking approach, a sixty-minute audio
cassette tape is available to help students think and read critically.
The conventional practice of designating a single author obscures
the efforts of dozens of women and men that have resulted in Sociology,
Ninth Edition. I would like to express my thanks to the Prentice
Hall editorial team, including Yolanda DeRooy, division president,
Laura Pearson, editorial director, Nancy Roberts, publisher, and
Chris DeJohn, executive editor in sociology, for their steady
enthusiasm, and for pursuing both innovation and excellence. Day-to-day
work on the book is shared by the author and the production team.
Susanna Lesan, developmental editor-in-chief at Prentice Hall,
has played a vital role in the development of all my texts for
more than fifteen years, coordinating and supervising the editorial
process. Barbara Reilly, production editor at Prentice Hall, is
a vital member of the team. Barbara deserves much of the credit
for the attractive page layout of the book; indeed, if anyone
sweats the details more than the author, it is Barbara!
Amy Marsh Macionis, the texts in house editor,
checks virtually everything, untangling awkward phrases, eliminating
errors and inconsistencies in all the statistical data. Amy is
a most talented editor who is relentless in her pursuit of quality;
my debt to her is great, indeed.
I also have a large debt to the members of the Prentice Hall
sales staff, the men and women who have given this text such remarkable
support over the years. Thanks, especially, to Beth Gillett Mejia
and Christopher Barker who direct our marketing campaign.
Thanks, too, to <insert name> for providing the interior
design of the book, which was coordinated in-house by art director
Carole Anson. Developmental and copy editing of the manuscript
was provided by Harriett Prentiss, Carol Peschae, and Amy Marsh
Macionis. Barbara Salz did the research for our photographs, and
Francelle Carapetyan helped locate much of the fine art.
It goes without saying that every colleague knows more about
some topics covered in this book than the author does. For that
reason, I am grateful to the hundreds of faculty and students
who have written to me to offer comments and suggestions. More
formally, I am grateful to the following people who have reviewed
some or all of this manuscript:
<insert reviewer list>
I also wish to thank the following colleagues for sharing their
wisdom in ways that have improved this book: Doug Adams (The Ohio
State University), Kip Armstrong (Bloomsburg University), Rose
Arnault (Fort Hays State University), Scott Beck (Eastern Tennessee
State University), Lois Benjamin (Hampton University), Philip
Berg (University of Wisconsin, La Crosse), Charlotte Brauchle
(Southwest Texas Junior College), Bill Brindle (Monroe Community
College), John R. Brouillette (Colorado State University), Cathryn
Brubaker (DeKalb College), Brent Bruton (Iowa State University),
Richard Bucher (Baltimore City Community College), Evandro
Camara, Karen Campbell (Vanderbilt University), Harold
Conway (Blinn College), Gerry Cox (Fort Hays State University),
Lovberta Cross (Shelby State Community College), Robert Daniels
(Mount Vernon Nazarene College), James A. Davis (Harvard University),
Sumati Devadutt (Monroe Community College), Keith Doubt (Northeast
Missouri State University), Denny Dubbs (Harrisburg Area Community
College); Travis Eaton (Northeast Louisiana State University),
Helen Rose Fuchs Ebaugh (University of Houston), John Ehle (Northern
Virginia Community College); Roger Eich (Hawkeye Community College),
Heather Fitz Gibbon (The College of Wooster), Kevin Fitzpatrick
(University of Alabama-Birmingham), Dona C. Fletcher (Sinclair
Community College), Charles Frazier (University of Florida), Karen
Lynch Frederick (St. Anselm College), Patricia Gagne (University
of Kentucky, Louisville), Pam Gaiter (Collin County Community
College), Jarvis Gamble (Owens Technical College), Steven
Goldberg (City College, City University of New York), Charlotte
Gotwald (York College of Pennsylvania), Norma B. Gray (Bishop
State Community College), Rhoda Greenstone (DeVry Institute),
Jeffrey Hahn (Mount Union College), Harry Hale (Northeast Louisiana
State University), Dean Haledjian (Northern Virginia Community
College), Dick Haltin (Jefferson Community College), Marvin Hannah
(Milwaukee Area Technical College), Charles Harper (Creighton
University), Gary Hodge (Collin County Community College), Elizabeth
A. Hoisington (Heartland Community College), Sara Horsfall (Stephen
F. Austin State University), Peter Hruschka (Ohio Northern University),
Glenna Huls (Camden County College), Jeanne Humble (Lexington
Community College), Cynthia Imanaka (Seattle Central Community
College), Patricia Johnson (Houston Community College), Ed Kain
(Southwestern University), Paul Kamolnick (Eastern Tennessee State
University), Irwin Kantor (Middlesex County College), Thomas Korllos
(Kent State University), Rita Krasnow (Virginia Western Community
College), Donald Kraybill (Elazabethtown College); Michael Lacy
(Colorado State university), Michael Levine (Kenyon College),
George Lowe (Texas Tech University), Don Luidens (Hope College),
Larry Lyon (Baylor University), Li-Chen Ma (Lamar University),
Karen E. B. McCue (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque), Meredith
McGuire (Trinity College), Setma Maddox (Texas Wesleyan University),
Errol Magidson (Richard J. Daley College), Allan Mazur (Syracuse
University), Jack Melhorn (Emporia State University), Ken Miller
(Drake University), Richard Miller (Navarro College), Joe Morolla
(Virginia Commonwealth University), Craig Nauman (Madison Area
Technical College), Toby Parcel (The Ohio State University), Anne
Peterson (Columbus State Community College), Marvin Pippert (Roanoke
College), Lauren Pivnik (Monroe Community College), Nevel Razak
(Fort Hays State College), Jim Rebstock (Broward Community College);
George Reim (Cheltenham High School), Virginia Reynolds (Indiana
University of Pennsylvania), Laurel Richardson (The Ohio State
University), Keith Roberts (Hanover College); Ellen Rosengarten
(Sinclair Community College), Howard Schneiderman (Lafayette College),
Ray Scupin (Linderwood College), Steve Severin (Kellogg Community
College); Harry Sherer (Irvine Valley College), Walt Shirley (Sinclair
Community College), Anson Shupe (Indiana University-Purdue University
at Fort Wayne), Ree Simpkins (Missouri Southern State University),
Glen Sims (Glendale Community College), Nancy Sonleitner (University
of Oklahoma), Larry Stern (Collin County Community College), Randy
Ston (Oakland Community College), Verta Taylor (The Ohio State
University), Vickie H. Taylor (Danville Community College), Mark
J. Thomas (Madison Area Technical College), Len Tompos (Lorain
County Community College), Christopher Vanderpool (Michigan State
University), Phyllis Watts (Tiffin University); Murray Webster
(University of North Carolina, Charlotte), Debbie White (Collin
County Community College), Marilyn Wilmeth (Iowa University),
Stuart Wright (Lamar University), William Yoels (University of
Alabama, Birmingham), Dan Yutze (Taylor University), Wayne Zapatek
(Tarrant County Community College), and Frank Zulke (Harold Washington
Finally, I would like to dedicate this edition of the book to
all the men and women who became heroes in the wake of events
of Setpember 11th in ways big and small, including
those known to many and those known to just a few. In the face
of terror, they rose up, reached out to others even at the cost
of their own lives, and displayed the very best that lies within
John J. Macionis