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Introduction to Modern Philosophy: Examining the Human Condition, 6/e

Alburey Castell
Donald M. Borchert, Ohio University
Arthur Zucker, Ohio University

Published October, 1993 by Prentice Hall Humanities/Social Science

Copyright 1994, 656 pp.
ISBN 0-02-320092-8

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    1. What Is Philosophy?

      1. Socrates, "The Examined Life."

    2. Am I a Body and a Mind?

      The Question Posed. 1. Renes Descartes, "I Am a Mind (Res Cogitans) and a Body (Res Extensa)." 2. Gilbert Ryle, "Descartes was Confused." 3. J.J.C. Smart, "The Identity Theory." 4. Jerry Fodor, "Functionalism as a Critique of Identity Theory and Logical Behaviorism." 5. A.M. Turing, "Machines Can Think." 6. John Seade. "Computers Cannot Think." 7. Bruce Bridgeman and Ned Block, "Searle is Mistaken." 8. Norman Malcolm, "The Argument from Analogy for Other Minds is Based on a Misconception." 9. John Eccles, "Contemporary Dualism."

    3. Am I Free or Determined?

      The Question Posed. 1. Baron D'Holbach, "I Am Determined." 2. Jean-Paul Sartre, "I Am Free." 3. Walter T. Stace, "I Am Determined and Free." 4. William James, "The Dilemma of Determinism." 5. Karl Popper, "An Argument for Indeterminism." 6. John W. Bender, "Compatibilism Is No Quagmire."

    4. Can I Survive Death?

      The Question Posed. 1. Codiss Lamont, "Death Is the End." 2. Curt John Ducasse, "The Question Is Still Open." 3. Robert Almeder, "Death Is Not the End." 4. Peter Geach, "Dualism Rejected But Survival Affirmed." 5. Antony Flew, "Death Is the End."

    5. What Grounds Do I Have For Belief in God?"

      The Question Posed. 1. Thomas Aquinas, "Beliefs Supported by Proofs." 2. Blaise Pascal, "Belief Without Proofs." 3. David Hume, "Doubts About Natural Theology." 4. John Stuart Mill, "A Fi- nite God." 5. T.H. Huxley, "Agnosticism--The Only Legitimate Response." 6. William James, "Legitimate Belief In Spite of Agnosti- cism.'' 7. Antony Flew and John Hick, "Falsification and Verification."

    6. On What Principle Do I Judge Things Right or Wrong?

      The Question Posed. 1. William Paley, "The Will of God." 2. Immanuel Kant, "The Categorical Imperative." 3. John Stuart Mill, "The Maximization of Happiness." 4. Friedrich Nietzsche, "The Relativity of Morality." 5. A.J. Ayer, "Emotivism Affirmed." 6. Brand Blanshard, "Emotivism Critiqued." 7. C.L. Stevenson, "Emotivism Refined." 8. R.M. Hare, "Prescriptivism--Refinements on Stevenson." 9. Bernard Gert, "The Moral Rules." 10. Dorothy Emmet, "The Moral Prism."

    7. When Should I Conform to the Law?

      The Question Posed. 1. Thomas Hobbes, "The Case for the Legislative Life. 2. Jean Jacques Rousseau, "The Case for the Common Good." 3. Edmund Burke, "The Case for Conservatism." 4. Karl Marx, "The Case for Revolution." 5. John Stuart Mill, "The Case for Liberty and Law." 6. Martin Luther King, "The Case for Civil Disobedience."

    8. What Things Shall I Call Art?

      The Question Posed. 1. H. Gene Blocker, "Art as Representation of Reality." 2. Eugene Veron, "Art as Expression of Emotion." 3. Leo Tolstoy, "Art as Communication of Emotion." 4. R.G. Coilingwood, "Art as Expression of Emotion." 5. John Hospers, "Critique of Expressionism." 6. Morris Weitz, "Is Aesthetics Founded on a Mistake?"

    9. What Shall I Say About Ultimate Reality?

      The Question Posed. 1. Thomas Hobbes, "The Claims of Materialism." 2. George Berkeley, "The Claims of Idealism." 3. Arthur Schopenhauer, "The Claims of Voluntarism." 4. Auguste Comte, "The Claims of Positivism."

    10. When Can I Say "I Know?"

      The Question Posed. 1. David Hume, "An Appeal to Experience." 2. Immanuel Kant, "A Critique of Reason in Experience." 3. A.J. Ayer, "A Critique from Logical Positivism." 4. R.G. Coilingwood, "The Presupposition of Knowledge." 5. Alvin Goldman, "The Elements of Epistemology." 6. Keith Lehrer, "The Analysis of Knowledge."

    11. What Is Science?--Positivism to Post-Modernism.

      The Question Posed. 1. Herbert Feigl, "The Positivist View of Science." 2. Thomas Kuhn, "Problems with the Positivistic Interpretation of Science." 3. Paul Feyerabend, "Relativism Even in Science is the Only Conclusion." 4. Larry Laudan, "Kuhn Has Misread Science and Its History." 5. Allison Jaggar, "Science Is Neither Objective Nor Unemotional." 6. Richard Rorty, "Relativism Means the End of Philosophy." 7. H. Gene Blocker, "An Explanation of Post- Modernism."

    Epilogue. Making Sense Out Of Life.

      The Question Posed. 1. Viktor B. Frankl, "The Will to Meaning." 2. The Biblical Tradition, "The Story of the God Who Acts." 3. The Buddhist Tradition, "The Story of Transcending Suffering." 4. The African Tradition, "The Story of Pursuing The Moral Ideal." 5. Albert Camus, "The Story of Combatting Suffering."

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